Monthly Archives: February 2017

House Plant Care and for Insect Control

Growing fruit in the home garden can be an interesting, fun and rewarding hobby. This does not happen without a great deal of work. House plant care can be very easy with a few tips to keep them healthy.
Control of pests (diseases and insects) is an integral part of the care necessary to obtain good results. Insect infestations reduce yields and lower the quality of harvested garden vegetables and home fruit plantings. All plant parts may be injured by insects. Some insects bore into roots, seeds or stems. Others destroy crops by chewing on the succulent foliage, stems or fruits. Plant diseases are carried by certain insects. Control can be maintained all season by a combination of cultural practices, mechanical control, biological control and chemical applications.
Cultural practices such as pruning, sanitation, variety selection and selecting open, sites for planting are necessary for good pest control.

How to Use the Spray Schedules

Most fungicide (disease control product) and some insecticide (insect control product) applications are effective only if applied preventatively. The timing of these preventive sprays is based on the growth stage of the plant and forms the foundation of the spray charts that follow. In very rainy seasons, sprays may need to be applied more frequently than the schedule given in the following charts. Wet weather favors development of the disease causing organisms and more chemical protection is needed. Also, rains can wash off the fungicides and insecticides. When rain occurs before a spray has dried or if rainfall totals more than 1 inch within 24 hours, the spray should be re-applied. Fungicides provide more benefit when applied before a rain than after, because protection from infection by disease-causing organisms is needed when plant surfaces are wet.

Additional Spray Tips

One of the biggest mistakes home fruit growers make is to allow their trees to grow too tall. If trees are maintained at a manageable height, it is easier to spray them properly, as well as to harvest the fruit. Proper pruning practices reduce the amount of spray needed and permit better coverage. The type of sprayer used depends on the size of the fruit planting. For most plantings of small fruits or for a few small fruit trees, pump-up sprayers are adequate. Trombone-type sprayers are helpful for taller trees. For the increased spray volumes required by larger home orchards, power sprayers are recommended. Honey bees and other pollinating insects must be protected from insecticides, which will kill them. Do not spray fruit plants with insecticides while the plants are in bloom.

Pesticide Safety

Most of the pesticides suggested for use are low-toxicity materials. However, some precautions are needed:
• Keep pesticides in the original, labeled container.
• Keep pesticides in a locked storage cabinet, away from children or pets.
• Read the label each time before you use the product.
• Wear rubber gloves, goggles, a long-sleeved shirt, long pants and a hat when mixing and applying pesticides. Refer to the label for required protective gear.
• Handle the pesticide carefully when mixing. Avoid breathing dust or vapors. Wash any chemicals off the skin immediately with plenty of water.
• Never apply insecticides and fungicides with a sprayer that has been used for weed killers.
• Do not spray if it is windy.
• Mix only as much as you need. Do not store diluted spray mixtures from one application to the next. They will lose effectiveness and are unsafe.

Multipurpose Fruit Spray

Growers with small fruit plantings may want to consider multipurpose fruit spray products. These materials are widely available, convenient and will serve most pest control purposes. They are mixtures containing a fungicide (captan), and usually two insecticides (malathion and methoxychlor). Multipurpose sprays are produced by several companies and sold under names such as Home Orchard Spray 7, Tree Fruit Spray, All Purpose Fruit Spray7, General Purpose Fruit Spray7 and others. Certain brands contain an additional insecticide, carbaryl (Sevin). Mixtures containing carbaryl should not be applied to apple or pear until 21 days after petal fall, as it causes the fruit to drop.

Sanitation and Cultural Practices

APPLE AND PEAR
Apple and pear trees are subject to serious damage from pests. The following practices will improve the effectiveness of the pesticides and may lessen the need for sprays.
• Plant disease-resistant varieties. Varieties resistant to cedar-apple rust, scab and powdery mildew are also available.
• Rake and destroy leaves in the fall, if apple scab, pear scab or pear leaf spot are problems. The organisms that cause these diseases overwinter in infected leaves.
• For cedar-apple rust control, elimination of the source of spores – cedar trees – is effective but not always possible. Removal of the galls caused by the fungus on cedar trees is helpful. Pruning trees according to recommendations improves control of all ground diseases. In well-pruned trees, air circulation and sunlight penetration are improved. This helps control diseases by promoting rapid drying after rains and dew. Penetration of sprays into the canopy is also better if the trees are well-pruned.
• Prune out and destroy all dead or diseased shoots and limbs during the dormant season. This helps reduce fire blight, fruit rots and certain leaf spots, as the organisms that cause these diseases overwinter in the wood.
PEACH, PLUM AND CHERRY
Peach, plum, cherry and other stone fruits are commonly affected by serious pest problems and, as a result, a conscientious spray program is needed. The following sanitation and cultural practices will improve the chances of success and may lessen the need for sprays.
• Prune trees according to recommendations, to allow better air circulation and sunlight penetration. This helps control diseases by promoting rapid drying after rains and dew. Penetration of sprays into the canopy is also better if the trees are well-pruned.
• Remove the overwintering structure for the brown rot fungus, old mummified fruit left hanging in the tree or on the ground.
• Control of black knot of plum and cherry is dependent on removal of the knots before they begin to produce spores. In late winter, prune out and destroy these rough, black swellings or tumors that develop on limbs and twigs.
• Avoid planting peach varieties that are highly susceptible to bacterial leaf spot. Examples are Elberta, Halehaven, Rio- Oso-Gem and Sunhigh. Chemical control of this disease is very limited.
GRAPE
Most home grape plantings will require a preventive schedule of pesticides, since certain pests such as black rot can completely destroy a crop of fruit. However, the following sanitation and cultural practices will reduce the need for pesticides.
• Keep vines well-pruned according to recommendations, to prevent overgrowth of vines and dense canopy. Pruning promotes air circulation and sunlight penetration, thus more rapid drying after rains and dew. Penetration of sprays into the foliar canopy is also better if the vines are well-pruned.
• Remove mummified berries (shriveled, dry, raisin-like). Clusters on the vines as well as those that have fallen to the ground should be removed. Also, destroy infected canes that have been pruned off. For control of grape root borer, mounding soil makes it difficult for larvae to reach the roots or adults to emerge. Mound some soil 1 foot high for 12 feet around each vine between early and mid-June.
STRAWBERRY
An intensive, preventive spray program is generally not needed on strawberry. Treatments can usually be made on an as-needed basis. The following sanitation and cultural practices will reduce the need for pesticides.

• Bed renovation immediately after harvest is crucial to managing pest problems. Renovation involves narrowing rows, mowing leaves, removing weeds and fertilization. Rake and destroy cut-off leaves and stems after renovation.
• Maintain narrow rows throughout the growing season (maximum 18 inches wide), to maintain good sunlight and air penetration of the canopy. This provides good berry formation and rapid drying after rains and dew.
• Plant varieties with resistance to red stele and leaf spot. Where anthracnose is a problem, consider the resistant varieties Delmarvel and Sweet Charlie.
• Control weeds throughout the growing season. Weeds increase disease by shading the plants and by interfering with air circulation. Weeds also harbor many insect and mite pests.
• Mulch with straw before berries begin to lie on the ground, to reduce gray mold and leather rot (fruit rots).

Safe Handling of Insecticides

Home gardeners can control insect pests with reasonable safety by observing these safety rules:
• Keep insecticides in the original, labeled container.
• Keep insecticides in a locked storage container.
• Read the label each time you use the insecticide.
• Measure the amount to be mixed carefully.
• Do not exceed the recommended rate of application.
• Handle the insecticide carefully when mixing to avoid splashing of liquid concentrates and billowing of dusts and powders.
• Wear protective clothing and other personal protective equipment as dictated by the label.
• To protect yourself when mixing insecticides, it is suggested that protective clothing and equipment, such as chemical-resistant gloves, a long-sleeved shirt, long pants and protective eyewear, be worn.
• Wash all insecticides off the skin immediately, using plenty of soap and water.
• Avoid breathing the spray mist or vapor.
• Always mix insecticides outdoors near a source of water.
• Clean up any spilled materials to prevent children from entering a heavily contaminated area.
• Apply insecticides to only those plants listed on the label.
• Observe the time intervals between the last application and harvest.

The severity and type of pest problems on garden vegetables usually vary considerably from year to year. During most growing seasons, consistent production of high quality vegetables is assured only with the use of pesticides for insect control. This is not to suggest that vegetables cannot be grown without pesticides by using nonchemical methods, but it will usually take more effort on the part of the gardener.

Maintain your own dream garden with your gardening skills

Spending hours of time with plants and flowers can easily warm up your mood and can bring positive vibes around you. Flowers and plants are the beautiful creation. We manage them in a selective way within our location and named them as dream garden. Having a garden of your dream at your own place can change your home to special and peaceful place like heaven. Every person has the dream of having garden on their front yard or back yard. But having a garden on your place is not an easy work. We have lots of things to care about like designing, cleaning and maintaining it.

Garden not only for the purpose of show of your home. It also maintain the freshness in your home environment. Whenever we feel some uneasiness and stress at ending of the day, you prefer to have a walk on your yard and garden. The flow of the cool air and fresh fragments from the fresh flowers of your own garden can easily made your day.

Generally gardening is preferred for the peace of a mind. But also taken as a fashion and competition now a days. Who have the beautiful garden in the society? How they maintain it? And many more questions arises and you always tries to make the best one among them.

To make the best garden among all, we uses lots of tools and designs to maintain and decorate our garden which could be the artificial as well as the natural resources also. But simply using some old stuffs also can make vast difference and make it the awesome one. We can use our old chairs, broken glasses, pots, stones, shoes, plastic bottles, boxes and many more stuff as the useful and decorative sources. Using the old stuffs can increase the attractive pattern on your garden, even you can create a fairy world on a corner of your garden. And can hang out there on any time and feel your fairy dream garden and enjoy.

Nowadays everybody has a busy and tired schedule. So having a dream garden and spending some time serving it may sound impossible. There are lots of service provider who serves for garden designing, garden cleaning, garden maintenance and gardeners to the particular area. Which makes us easier to maintain our garden with our expectations. And you can feel the peace and positive vibes all over the air.

This Home Improvement Trend to Stay

Home improvement is a catching trend. People improve the state of their household so that they can enjoy a better life and take advantage of the renovations. Some people opt for home improvements to increase the resale value of their place. Whichever the reason, there is no denying that any change done to the home gives it a much fresher and approachable look. However, most of the renovations are done for the interiors, like getting granite counter tops for kitchen or perhaps installing new flooring for the home. The exterior of the house is an untapped resource of real estate glory. Exterior of the house can be improved by installing designer windows or getting vinyl siding for the house or even constructing conservatories. Curbing your front yard or lawn is the latest mode of renovations.

Suburban areas have a capacity to accommodate a fairly large garden in their front or back yard. There can be several elements incorporated into the landscape provided they can be separated. Concrete curbing offers this advantage. It helps isolate the flower bed from the lawn and disallows the weed or any rubbish to get in between. Concrete is the perfect element for curbing as it is strong and can be molded in any shape. Besides, it does not rust or rot like metal or wood. It can withstand the harshest of climate. There is also an option of adding dye to generate any desirable colour to the mix. The concrete borders can thus be matched to the colour of the house or perhaps in contrast. Concrete Landscape borders are popular as they can be laid around any given structure without any problems. These are very easy to install and can be completed in short amount of time. The concrete is mixed and fed to a machine which then extrudes beautiful and continuous border around any structure you desire. You can avoid cars from being parked on to your lawn by laying down curbs between the driveway and lawn. In this way, your garden can be tread mark free.

Parking lot curbs has become a necessity in every commercial establishment these days. These are made of plastic and resin and are placed actively around the parking spaces. It helps control traffic jams and prevents any mishaps. The parking chaos subsides and becomes much easier and smoother. Parking lot curbs are made out of material that can withstand snow, rain and strong sunshine. These are made with enough care so that they can maintain their structure even after bearing the entire weight of cars and trucks.

Curb installation must be done by a professional team. It is essential that the experts understand how and where you want the curbs to be installed. They will offer insights after studying your space and understanding your requirements. It is always better to draw up proper contracts so that there is clarity for both parties. Always make sure that there is a clause for cleaning up the property after curb installation is complete.

Benefits Fly Spray Around The Yard

Many people wonder if it’s still okay these days to use fly spray around the yard. After all, we live in a time when the notion of spraying chemicals is a totally stupid idea, but what many people fail to realize is that today’s spray bears no relation to those of 30 years ago.

The thing to remember about the use of any kind of spray is that while you might get some visible results when using the spray approach for the adult flies, the real business is often to be done on the invisible front. This is the business of killing of the larvae and the pupae.

The whole approach needs to be integrated in order to get the optimum results and this is a point not easily appreciated by those trying to get the most out of their business and in need of fast results.

However, over a 6-month or yearly period, there is nothing quite as deadly as an organic approach mixing fly traps and repellents (including sprays) with predators.

It’s often a case of each to his or her own. There are those who prefer to keep all chemicals out of their yards whilst others may want to avoid the mess and fuss (as they see it) of using traps and bait. The options should be explored before jumping into any decision.

Another point to remember is that there are so many different types of flies that you can’t use one option to kill or control all of them. There are more than 11,000 different types of flies in the world. These break down into all kinds of types that include midges, gnats and mosquitoes. They all have the basic type of structure in common and they all have maggots in their larval form.

The way to use fly spray nowadays is not, as so many people think, to spray at them and hope that they die from it. This is how the old nasty chemicals used to work. They were so potent and dangerous that you’d probably kill your neighbor if you sprayed it directly in his face!

Nowadays, the fly spray around the yard is really better classed as a fly repellent. You can used some of this stuff  (made from citronella, catnip and such natural commodities) not for killing flies per se, but for ensuring that there’ll be no more flies in in house or in your yard. It’s used as a natural mosquito repellent too and it’s something not to be confused with insecticides which, by their name, mean that it is a fly or mosquito killer.