Category Archives: Home and Garden

House Plant Care and for Insect Control

Growing fruit in the home garden can be an interesting, fun and rewarding hobby. This does not happen without a great deal of work. House plant care can be very easy with a few tips to keep them healthy.
Control of pests (diseases and insects) is an integral part of the care necessary to obtain good results. Insect infestations reduce yields and lower the quality of harvested garden vegetables and home fruit plantings. All plant parts may be injured by insects. Some insects bore into roots, seeds or stems. Others destroy crops by chewing on the succulent foliage, stems or fruits. Plant diseases are carried by certain insects. Control can be maintained all season by a combination of cultural practices, mechanical control, biological control and chemical applications.
Cultural practices such as pruning, sanitation, variety selection and selecting open, sites for planting are necessary for good pest control.

How to Use the Spray Schedules

Most fungicide (disease control product) and some insecticide (insect control product) applications are effective only if applied preventatively. The timing of these preventive sprays is based on the growth stage of the plant and forms the foundation of the spray charts that follow. In very rainy seasons, sprays may need to be applied more frequently than the schedule given in the following charts. Wet weather favors development of the disease causing organisms and more chemical protection is needed. Also, rains can wash off the fungicides and insecticides. When rain occurs before a spray has dried or if rainfall totals more than 1 inch within 24 hours, the spray should be re-applied. Fungicides provide more benefit when applied before a rain than after, because protection from infection by disease-causing organisms is needed when plant surfaces are wet.

Additional Spray Tips

One of the biggest mistakes home fruit growers make is to allow their trees to grow too tall. If trees are maintained at a manageable height, it is easier to spray them properly, as well as to harvest the fruit. Proper pruning practices reduce the amount of spray needed and permit better coverage. The type of sprayer used depends on the size of the fruit planting. For most plantings of small fruits or for a few small fruit trees, pump-up sprayers are adequate. Trombone-type sprayers are helpful for taller trees. For the increased spray volumes required by larger home orchards, power sprayers are recommended. Honey bees and other pollinating insects must be protected from insecticides, which will kill them. Do not spray fruit plants with insecticides while the plants are in bloom.

Pesticide Safety

Most of the pesticides suggested for use are low-toxicity materials. However, some precautions are needed:
• Keep pesticides in the original, labeled container.
• Keep pesticides in a locked storage cabinet, away from children or pets.
• Read the label each time before you use the product.
• Wear rubber gloves, goggles, a long-sleeved shirt, long pants and a hat when mixing and applying pesticides. Refer to the label for required protective gear.
• Handle the pesticide carefully when mixing. Avoid breathing dust or vapors. Wash any chemicals off the skin immediately with plenty of water.
• Never apply insecticides and fungicides with a sprayer that has been used for weed killers.
• Do not spray if it is windy.
• Mix only as much as you need. Do not store diluted spray mixtures from one application to the next. They will lose effectiveness and are unsafe.

Multipurpose Fruit Spray

Growers with small fruit plantings may want to consider multipurpose fruit spray products. These materials are widely available, convenient and will serve most pest control purposes. They are mixtures containing a fungicide (captan), and usually two insecticides (malathion and methoxychlor). Multipurpose sprays are produced by several companies and sold under names such as Home Orchard Spray 7, Tree Fruit Spray, All Purpose Fruit Spray7, General Purpose Fruit Spray7 and others. Certain brands contain an additional insecticide, carbaryl (Sevin). Mixtures containing carbaryl should not be applied to apple or pear until 21 days after petal fall, as it causes the fruit to drop.

Sanitation and Cultural Practices

APPLE AND PEAR
Apple and pear trees are subject to serious damage from pests. The following practices will improve the effectiveness of the pesticides and may lessen the need for sprays.
• Plant disease-resistant varieties. Varieties resistant to cedar-apple rust, scab and powdery mildew are also available.
• Rake and destroy leaves in the fall, if apple scab, pear scab or pear leaf spot are problems. The organisms that cause these diseases overwinter in infected leaves.
• For cedar-apple rust control, elimination of the source of spores – cedar trees – is effective but not always possible. Removal of the galls caused by the fungus on cedar trees is helpful. Pruning trees according to recommendations improves control of all ground diseases. In well-pruned trees, air circulation and sunlight penetration are improved. This helps control diseases by promoting rapid drying after rains and dew. Penetration of sprays into the canopy is also better if the trees are well-pruned.
• Prune out and destroy all dead or diseased shoots and limbs during the dormant season. This helps reduce fire blight, fruit rots and certain leaf spots, as the organisms that cause these diseases overwinter in the wood.
PEACH, PLUM AND CHERRY
Peach, plum, cherry and other stone fruits are commonly affected by serious pest problems and, as a result, a conscientious spray program is needed. The following sanitation and cultural practices will improve the chances of success and may lessen the need for sprays.
• Prune trees according to recommendations, to allow better air circulation and sunlight penetration. This helps control diseases by promoting rapid drying after rains and dew. Penetration of sprays into the canopy is also better if the trees are well-pruned.
• Remove the overwintering structure for the brown rot fungus, old mummified fruit left hanging in the tree or on the ground.
• Control of black knot of plum and cherry is dependent on removal of the knots before they begin to produce spores. In late winter, prune out and destroy these rough, black swellings or tumors that develop on limbs and twigs.
• Avoid planting peach varieties that are highly susceptible to bacterial leaf spot. Examples are Elberta, Halehaven, Rio- Oso-Gem and Sunhigh. Chemical control of this disease is very limited.
GRAPE
Most home grape plantings will require a preventive schedule of pesticides, since certain pests such as black rot can completely destroy a crop of fruit. However, the following sanitation and cultural practices will reduce the need for pesticides.
• Keep vines well-pruned according to recommendations, to prevent overgrowth of vines and dense canopy. Pruning promotes air circulation and sunlight penetration, thus more rapid drying after rains and dew. Penetration of sprays into the foliar canopy is also better if the vines are well-pruned.
• Remove mummified berries (shriveled, dry, raisin-like). Clusters on the vines as well as those that have fallen to the ground should be removed. Also, destroy infected canes that have been pruned off. For control of grape root borer, mounding soil makes it difficult for larvae to reach the roots or adults to emerge. Mound some soil 1 foot high for 12 feet around each vine between early and mid-June.
STRAWBERRY
An intensive, preventive spray program is generally not needed on strawberry. Treatments can usually be made on an as-needed basis. The following sanitation and cultural practices will reduce the need for pesticides.

• Bed renovation immediately after harvest is crucial to managing pest problems. Renovation involves narrowing rows, mowing leaves, removing weeds and fertilization. Rake and destroy cut-off leaves and stems after renovation.
• Maintain narrow rows throughout the growing season (maximum 18 inches wide), to maintain good sunlight and air penetration of the canopy. This provides good berry formation and rapid drying after rains and dew.
• Plant varieties with resistance to red stele and leaf spot. Where anthracnose is a problem, consider the resistant varieties Delmarvel and Sweet Charlie.
• Control weeds throughout the growing season. Weeds increase disease by shading the plants and by interfering with air circulation. Weeds also harbor many insect and mite pests.
• Mulch with straw before berries begin to lie on the ground, to reduce gray mold and leather rot (fruit rots).

Safe Handling of Insecticides

Home gardeners can control insect pests with reasonable safety by observing these safety rules:
• Keep insecticides in the original, labeled container.
• Keep insecticides in a locked storage container.
• Read the label each time you use the insecticide.
• Measure the amount to be mixed carefully.
• Do not exceed the recommended rate of application.
• Handle the insecticide carefully when mixing to avoid splashing of liquid concentrates and billowing of dusts and powders.
• Wear protective clothing and other personal protective equipment as dictated by the label.
• To protect yourself when mixing insecticides, it is suggested that protective clothing and equipment, such as chemical-resistant gloves, a long-sleeved shirt, long pants and protective eyewear, be worn.
• Wash all insecticides off the skin immediately, using plenty of soap and water.
• Avoid breathing the spray mist or vapor.
• Always mix insecticides outdoors near a source of water.
• Clean up any spilled materials to prevent children from entering a heavily contaminated area.
• Apply insecticides to only those plants listed on the label.
• Observe the time intervals between the last application and harvest.

The severity and type of pest problems on garden vegetables usually vary considerably from year to year. During most growing seasons, consistent production of high quality vegetables is assured only with the use of pesticides for insect control. This is not to suggest that vegetables cannot be grown without pesticides by using nonchemical methods, but it will usually take more effort on the part of the gardener.

Maintain your own dream garden with your gardening skills

Spending hours of time with plants and flowers can easily warm up your mood and can bring positive vibes around you. Flowers and plants are the beautiful creation. We manage them in a selective way within our location and named them as dream garden. Having a garden of your dream at your own place can change your home to special and peaceful place like heaven. Every person has the dream of having garden on their front yard or back yard. But having a garden on your place is not an easy work. We have lots of things to care about like designing, cleaning and maintaining it.

Garden not only for the purpose of show of your home. It also maintain the freshness in your home environment. Whenever we feel some uneasiness and stress at ending of the day, you prefer to have a walk on your yard and garden. The flow of the cool air and fresh fragments from the fresh flowers of your own garden can easily made your day.

Generally gardening is preferred for the peace of a mind. But also taken as a fashion and competition now a days. Who have the beautiful garden in the society? How they maintain it? And many more questions arises and you always tries to make the best one among them.

To make the best garden among all, we uses lots of tools and designs to maintain and decorate our garden which could be the artificial as well as the natural resources also. But simply using some old stuffs also can make vast difference and make it the awesome one. We can use our old chairs, broken glasses, pots, stones, shoes, plastic bottles, boxes and many more stuff as the useful and decorative sources. Using the old stuffs can increase the attractive pattern on your garden, even you can create a fairy world on a corner of your garden. And can hang out there on any time and feel your fairy dream garden and enjoy.

Nowadays everybody has a busy and tired schedule. So having a dream garden and spending some time serving it may sound impossible. There are lots of service provider who serves for garden designing, garden cleaning, garden maintenance and gardeners to the particular area. Which makes us easier to maintain our garden with our expectations. And you can feel the peace and positive vibes all over the air.

This Home Improvement Trend to Stay

Home improvement is a catching trend. People improve the state of their household so that they can enjoy a better life and take advantage of the renovations. Some people opt for home improvements to increase the resale value of their place. Whichever the reason, there is no denying that any change done to the home gives it a much fresher and approachable look. However, most of the renovations are done for the interiors, like getting granite counter tops for kitchen or perhaps installing new flooring for the home. The exterior of the house is an untapped resource of real estate glory. Exterior of the house can be improved by installing designer windows or getting vinyl siding for the house or even constructing conservatories. Curbing your front yard or lawn is the latest mode of renovations.

Suburban areas have a capacity to accommodate a fairly large garden in their front or back yard. There can be several elements incorporated into the landscape provided they can be separated. Concrete curbing offers this advantage. It helps isolate the flower bed from the lawn and disallows the weed or any rubbish to get in between. Concrete is the perfect element for curbing as it is strong and can be molded in any shape. Besides, it does not rust or rot like metal or wood. It can withstand the harshest of climate. There is also an option of adding dye to generate any desirable colour to the mix. The concrete borders can thus be matched to the colour of the house or perhaps in contrast. Concrete Landscape borders are popular as they can be laid around any given structure without any problems. These are very easy to install and can be completed in short amount of time. The concrete is mixed and fed to a machine which then extrudes beautiful and continuous border around any structure you desire. You can avoid cars from being parked on to your lawn by laying down curbs between the driveway and lawn. In this way, your garden can be tread mark free.

Parking lot curbs has become a necessity in every commercial establishment these days. These are made of plastic and resin and are placed actively around the parking spaces. It helps control traffic jams and prevents any mishaps. The parking chaos subsides and becomes much easier and smoother. Parking lot curbs are made out of material that can withstand snow, rain and strong sunshine. These are made with enough care so that they can maintain their structure even after bearing the entire weight of cars and trucks.

Curb installation must be done by a professional team. It is essential that the experts understand how and where you want the curbs to be installed. They will offer insights after studying your space and understanding your requirements. It is always better to draw up proper contracts so that there is clarity for both parties. Always make sure that there is a clause for cleaning up the property after curb installation is complete.

Benefits Fly Spray Around The Yard

Many people wonder if it’s still okay these days to use fly spray around the yard. After all, we live in a time when the notion of spraying chemicals is a totally stupid idea, but what many people fail to realize is that today’s spray bears no relation to those of 30 years ago.

The thing to remember about the use of any kind of spray is that while you might get some visible results when using the spray approach for the adult flies, the real business is often to be done on the invisible front. This is the business of killing of the larvae and the pupae.

The whole approach needs to be integrated in order to get the optimum results and this is a point not easily appreciated by those trying to get the most out of their business and in need of fast results.

However, over a 6-month or yearly period, there is nothing quite as deadly as an organic approach mixing fly traps and repellents (including sprays) with predators.

It’s often a case of each to his or her own. There are those who prefer to keep all chemicals out of their yards whilst others may want to avoid the mess and fuss (as they see it) of using traps and bait. The options should be explored before jumping into any decision.

Another point to remember is that there are so many different types of flies that you can’t use one option to kill or control all of them. There are more than 11,000 different types of flies in the world. These break down into all kinds of types that include midges, gnats and mosquitoes. They all have the basic type of structure in common and they all have maggots in their larval form.

The way to use fly spray nowadays is not, as so many people think, to spray at them and hope that they die from it. This is how the old nasty chemicals used to work. They were so potent and dangerous that you’d probably kill your neighbor if you sprayed it directly in his face!

Nowadays, the fly spray around the yard is really better classed as a fly repellent. You can used some of this stuff  (made from citronella, catnip and such natural commodities) not for killing flies per se, but for ensuring that there’ll be no more flies in in house or in your yard. It’s used as a natural mosquito repellent too and it’s something not to be confused with insecticides which, by their name, mean that it is a fly or mosquito killer.

The Difference Between Condos, Townhomes and Patio Homes

Condos, townhomes and patio homes are a great option for someone looking for an affordable home, those looking to downsize, or an empty-nester who plans on frequent travel. Buying a smaller home requires less maintenance and expenses which can free up your time and resources. Here are the advantages and drawbacks to each type of property from our Littleton Real Estate Agent.

Condos in Littleton

Condominiums are much like apartments, where other units may be above, below, or to either side of you. A condo owner owns the walls and the space inside those walls and has no land rights nor airspace rights above the unit. Parking is typically not attached to the property but a reserved space or detached garage is assigned to the unit. In a condo there is a lack of storage space, so it is important that you make sure your furniture fits before you buy. Condo owners must abide by the HOA guidelines, which may restrict what you put in the window or hang off the balcony. Typically, you will share multiple walls with neighbors so you have to be considerate of them and hope that they show you the same respect by not playing loud music in the middle of the night. Pet owners should consider whether a condo is a suitable home for their furred and feathered friends. Read the HOA’s rules as many condos have limits on how many pets, what type and what sizes are allowed. The advantages of buying a condo in Littleton CO are that you will not have to mow a lawn or take care of exterior maintenance. In Littleton, the typical condo community offers a nice swimming pool and fitness facility. In a complex with a pool and gym, it’s like having a gym membership included. Most condo complexes have some level of security. Controlled access makes it easier to lock your condo and take off for that two-month vacation you’ve been dreaming of. Condos are also the most affordable option of homes in Littleton.

Townhomes in Littleton

In a townhome, the owner typically owns the ground beneath the home and the airspace above the home. In essence, no one has the right to build above or below your unit, unlike the rights to a condo. Although most people consider a townhouse to be two or more stories, that is not always the case. Townhomes typically share common walls to either side with other units but never above or below. You still have to worry about neighbors, but not as many as a condo. Parking may be attached to the unit or it may be assigned somewhere on the property. HOA guidelines regulate what you can and cannot do in a townhome, so you will also want to make sure there are no HOA rules that you can’t abide by. Pet owners should also make sure they allow furry friends. Townhomes in Littleton offer many of the advantages of condos for example you will typically have a small backyard. The small yard is one reason pet owners prefer a townhome over a condo. Desert landscaping or using pavers instead of grass works great for low maintenance backyards. Townhomes are generally large in size so there are more storage options. The HOA may or may not provide exterior maintenance such as roof, exterior paint, and front landscaping so read the HOA docs before buying. Like a condo, many townhome complexes in Littleton CO will a community pool and fitness facility.

Patio Homes in Littleton

Patio homes are detached, freestanding units but typically very close together. They are also referred to as garden homes, lock & leave, and detached townhomes. Parking is usually a part of the unit itself and most will include an attached garage. Most patio homes are part of a homeowner’s association so all rules and regulations must be abided by including the quantity of pets you own. Parking an RV, boat or other recreational vehicle on the premises isn’t allowed in most of the HOAs. They are also the costliest out of all the options, but also the most like a single family home. On a positive note, patio homes offer privacy and usually an adequate amount of storage space. Patio homes can range in size from just a few square feet, to sprawling floor plans. Most have a small front and backyard space just like a typical home so you won’t feel as claustrophobic as in a condo space. Usually the maintenance such as your yard and exterior cleaning are covered in the HOA dues, which makes it perfect for a those who like to go on long vacations.

The Pros and Cons of Hardwood Flooring

Hardwood flooring can be a beautiful choice for your kitchen. It can provide a classic and timeless look to any home. However, kitchens are often high traffic areas in the home that undergo the abuse of daily activities. Is it a logical choice to have hardwood in your kitchen?

Pros of installing hardwood flooring in your kitchen:

Hardwood has an authentic and cozy feel. It can also add warmth to the space. Also, they are a popular choice among homeowners and can add value to your space. According to Home Flooring Pros, “some home flooring pros believe that it will bring back 2+ times its cost when you sell.”

Hardwood floors offer a versatile aesthetic and can be paired seamlessly with almost any type of home decor that you choose. Many people choose this flooring in their kitchen often do so to maintain a consistent look throughout their entire home-or downstairs portion.

This flooring can be long lasting with the right care and maintenance. Hardwood can be easily cleaned when there are stains and spills, as opposed to carpeting. Every ten years or so, hardwood flooring should be sanded and re-finished, which can repair any scratches and make your floors look good as new.

Cons of installing hardwood flooring in your kitchen:

This option of kitchen flooring can can be a pricy investment. Hardwood flooring can cost as much as $5-$12 per square foot-or even more depending on the type of wood selected. Additionally, this flooring will occasionally need re-sanding and refinishing; which is another added cost on top of the initial installation price.

Hardwood flooring is extremely susceptible to water damage. The worst type of damage is one that onsets from a leak that penetrates in between the boards and the subfloors. Unfortunately, this can go unnoticed for a long time. Kitchen appliances, such as the dishwasher and refrigerator, may leak and cause damage to your flooring as well.

Frequent cleaning and extra caution are required steps for any space that has hardwood flooring. Any spill or leak needs to be cleaned up immediately. If it is not taken care of, this can lead to warping. Since hardwood floors are softer than linoleum or tile, they can also be susceptible to dents if something is dropped on its surface.

Look for in a Roofing Companies

Finding a trustworthy and reliable contractor requires much more research than just a simple Google search for “Roofing Companies in Richmond, Virginia,” or even a referral from a neighbor or friend. It is important to choose a contractor that is honest and that will get the job done correctly and with professionalism. Here are some guidelines to help you choose a contractor for your home:

Licensed and Insured

In addition to being fully licensed to perform business, insurance coverage is an absolute must. Every employee and subcontractor should be insured. According to GAF, “Not having adequate insurance could potentially lead to litigation between a contractor and homeowner if a roofing employee sustains an injury at the home.” A useful tool is to check out to see if the business is accredited with the Better Business Bureau.

A Reliable, Local Contractor

It may help to choose a company that is more established in your local area. For example, you wouldn’t want to get a roof replacement, then need repairs in 5-10 years, only to find out that the company you used originally has closed its doors. An established contractor can help you put your mind at ease knowing that you can give them a call for any future problems that may arise.

There’s More to Look at Than Just the Price

Cheap bids tend to be cheap for a reason. Larger companies tend to have more expensive overhead to pay for a plethora of things such as a insurance, rent, utilities, and pay for employees. A contractor that works on the side will always be cheaper. Customers that are sold solely on price may end up having to pay more in the end if the installation wasn’t done correctly.

Find Out More About The Job Specifications

When considering contractors, it is important to find out the details of how they plan on completing the work. In addition to price and payment method, it is good to know what size crew the company has to offer and how long the project is estimated to take for completion.

When choosing from the roofing companies near you, it is important to consider price, reputation, and whether they are licensed and insured. Luckily, Balducci Exteriors has over 30 years of experience in the Richmond, Virginia area with an A+ rating with the Better Business Bureau. Feel free to contact us with an questions or concerns!

Are You Planning on Installing a Woodstove

Maybe you need some heat for those dreary rainy days or those cooler winter temperatures. Or sometimes you’re going for that nice ambient fire burning in the background in your living room. There isn’t another type of heating appliance that doubles as cooking device unless you include your firepit! So if you’re thinking of installing a woodstove then read on.

According to the Hearth, Patio, & Barbecue Association, a quality brand name wood stove will cost about $3,000-$4,200, including the stovepipe and installation. On the bright side a woodstove will add a few thousand to your asking price if you were to sell your home.

There are many great brands out there such as the Sedore 3000 an old-fashioned wood stove that burns wood, wood pellets and even alternate fuels like corn. A woodstove that is becoming popular is the Woodstock Soapstone Ideal Steel Hybrid stove, which won the very competitive Wood Stove Decathlon in 2013. It has some interesting features including gear-shaped cooktop surfaces and ornamental side panels.

While I am sure that you’ll pick the right woodstove for your needs, before you’re ready to buy, you should determine the exact location of your new woodstove for installation purposes. The first thing that you’ll have to get installed if you don’t have one already, is a chimney to vent the smoke. Either a sound masonry chimney or a factory produced UL approved Stainless Steel Class “A” Insulated Chimney will do the job correctly.

If you have a chimney but haven’t used it in a few years or you are new to the home, you should get your chimney inspected. It’s important that your chimney is insulated and that it has the proper clearances to combustible (wood framing, siding, etc.)

A skilled and qualified professional chimney cleaner can fix most of the problems with your current chimney such as those mentioned in the previous paragraph. A UL approved stainless steel liner system can be installed which provides additional safety and improves draft and is easier to clean. The flue liner of the chimney should be the same size than the stovepipe size and it should be a cast in place type or built with materials that allow it to expand.

If you get a proper chimney inspection and your chimney is in fine working order then you’re all set to start planning the installation of your woodstove.

You can extend a 5 foot flexible stainless steel tube (the minimum length) from your stove or insert and running it up through the damper connecting it into the first flue tile.

If you have an unlined chimney, line the entire height of the chimney with stainless steel pipe the same size as the flue collar which is about 6 feet on your stove. It’s important that the area below the fireplace is sealed with a high temperature silicone in order to prevent smoke from entering the home.

The next that you’ll have to do is make a connection from a free standing stove to the metal or masonry chimney. There are two kinds of Stovepipe, Single Wall (one layer) and Close Clearance (two walls) and each has its unique characteristics and will require different installation procedures.

You’ll also have to consider floor and wall protection. Some of the approved materials are concrete slab (bare or with tile or brick installed), pre-fab UL approved stove boards and mats

and ceramic tile, marble or slate installed on top of UL Listed cement underlayment board. Next up, you’ll have to install approved non-combustible protection on the wall. The wall can be brick, stone, cement board or a UL approved stove shield, usually mounted on spacers.

Once you’ve take care of all of the preliminaries, all you have to do is pick out your woodstove and connect. And the best part of all, light your first fire on your new woodstove.

Enjoy!

Clayton Brink is the owner of American Fireplace Inc. a chimney, fireplace and dryer vent cleaning company serving customers in the Greater Houston Metro and the surrounding areas. We have served thousands of satisfied customers over the last 20 years!

The Dendrobium Orchid Care

As other plants Dendrobium is belongs to kingdom Plantae. Genus is Dendrobium. There are many species belongs to this genus. Nearly 1200 of orchid species are recorded around the world. As other orchids orchidaceae is the family of Dendrobium.

Dendrobium orchid flower is famous for cut flowers. It has a sympodial and an epiphytic growth habit as other orchids in its family. There are many orchid varieties that produce orchid flowers in different colors. The durability is also higher than other orchids. In cut flower production, the flowers are divided into three types. They are phalaenopsis type, cane type and intermediate type. In these three types cane type is not that much suitable for cut flower production.

Read more >>> Phalaenopsis type, cane type and intermediate type Climatic Requirements

Orchid growing is not that much easy. It needs a good attention than other flowers. To keep a healthy plant below factor should be maintained.

Light

Dendrobium is a light prefer plant. It needs more lights than other orchid varieties. But direct sunlight is not good. So light level should be controlled by using a shade net above ten feet in height in a commercial cultivation or pot plants can be place in a sitting room. The window must be had in south or north directions. Keeping pots with a window in east or western, it is leads to sun burning damages on orchid plants. Temperature

Dendrobium can tolerate warm conditions. But ventilation should be good enough to control it. The temperature fluctuation should not be more than 10oC. Day time temperature should be between 25-30oC and night time temperature should not be lower than 15oC. Those conditions are the best for flower production. Humidity

Normally higher humidity level is needed for orchids. Therefore 70% of humidity is better for well growth of Dendrobium orchids. If humidity level is low you can spray water around the plant. The media should be prepared to keep moisture. Media preparation for Dendrobium (Orchid Care Steps [Full Guide])

Watering

Watering is very important for Dendrobium. As other treats, water should be added in optimum level. It is also helps to keep the humidity level. Chlorine free water must be used. Frequently check the moisture level in the media and use a hand sprayer to apply water. The Better time to apply water is 8 – 9 a. m. Arial roots and leaves should be wet. If water is applied in the evening, it should be done before 4 p. m. Fertilization

Liquid fertilizers are recommended to add. It is better to add them by using a sprayer. Spray on leaves and roots to get wet well. It is better to use morning time to add fertilizer. Organic liquidfertilizers can be used once a week. The best mixture of fertilizer is N. P. K. (20: 20: 20). Dissolve 5 gram of fertilizer in one litter of water for adding. Any balanced fertilizer can be used this purpose. Potting

It is better to use a clay pot. Because it is absorb more water than plastic pots. For decoration purposes you can put it into a plastic or any other suitable one. The diameter and height of the pot should be five inch. There should be holes for better ventilation. Media should be consisted with char or biochar and tile pieces. Better to add coconut husk pieces. It will keep the moisture.

To Burlap Or Not To Burlap for your Garden

I feel strongly that evergreens are an integral part of every garden. As a landscape designer I use evergreens in many ways, to provide structure in a garden with a hedge or to provide a focal point at the corner of the garden to name a few but in all situations the most important thing about the evergreens I use is that they are in fact… EVERGREEN! So it really breaks my heart to see gardens everywhere scattered with burlap.

The thinking behind this popular practice is to protect the evergreens from winter sun and drying winter winds. This can sometimes be an important thing to do for young evergreens, especially ones planted late in the season but it should only be done for the first season. Also in many cases it’s not necessarily the winter wind but the evergreens inability to draw water from the frozen ground. The winter landscape can replicate desert conditions making the plants susceptible to winterburn. Properly watering the evergreens in the fall and all the way up to the ground freezing will help prevent the winterburn from happening.

Another reason many burlap evergreens, especially cedars, is to prevent the winter snow and ice from splitting them as any branches bent by snow and ice will not return to normal in the spring. The best way to prevent that from happening is to wrap the cedars with twine or I prefer fishing line. It’s almost invisible, keeps the evergreen tight to prevent the snow from weighing on the branches and allows you to still have winter interest.

Evergreens aside, the one ornamental tree that should be protected with burlap in the winter is the Japanese Maple. The best way to protect this tender tree is to water well into the fall and after its leaves have dropped, put 4 wooden stakes in the ground around the perimeter of the tree and then wrap the stakes with burlap to create a screen. The stakes should be about 1.5′ to 2′ away from the trunk.

We still want the tree to get the snow cover but want to protect the tree from the winter wind until it is established. This should only be done for the first 2 years until the tree is established. Another case where location matters due to the winter wind patterns. I am still sad that I cannot have a Japanese Maple in my front yard due to its North East exposure. Note I have yews planted instead of cedars for that very same reason.

Simply put, plant the right tree in the right spot, water well into December and use fishing line to wrap evergreens. All my secrets to a burlap free garden!

Joanne Shaw is the owner and operator of Down2Earth Garden Design. A graduate of Ryerson University in Landscape Design, Joanne has over 15 years experience in designing gardens and more than a decade in landscape and related business. Sign up here http://www.down2earth.ca/ to receive Joanne’s free report “Seasonal Landscaping Tips” and monthly newsletter, “Down the Garden Path”, providing useful tips and tricks for keeping your garden as low maintenance as possible.